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The Basics of Civil Litigation

When two or more parties are involved in a legal dispute seeking money or a similar performance rather than criminal sanctions, civil litigation becomes the result. The involved parties should go to the courtroom for trial so where a judge or jury can decide on the matter.


Types of Civil Litigation

This type of case encompasses a broad range of disputes and have been specified in one or two specific practice areas by litigators. Some of the common areas include:


*Landlord/tenant disputes

*Environmental law

*Product liability lawsuits

*Intellectual property disputes

*Personal injury claims

*Construction liability lawsuits

*Employment and labour disputes

*Medical malpractice claims

*Real estate lawsuits

*Anti-trust litigation

*Education law disputes

*Workers’ compensation claims

*Divorce lawsuits


Civil litigation can be defined as a legal process wherein criminal charges and penalties are not the issue.


The Process of a Typical Civil Litigation Case

A typical civil litigation case can be divided into several stages:





*potential settlement



The discovery stage takes typically the longest time and is the most labour-intensive stage in a case. Unlike the way they are often portrayed on television, civil attorneys actually spend comparatively little time in trial. Much of their time is intended to the discovery stage – the exchange of information essential to the case through depositions, subpoenas, and interrogatories. Subpoenas demand for information or documents coming from third parties. Interrogatories and depositions involve questions that are posed under penalty of perjury to the involved parties in a lawsuit. Deposition questions done orally under oath while interrogatories, on the other hand, are written questions.


However, not every lawsuit has to pass through each stage – in fact, most do not. Majority of lawsuits are settled by agreement of the involved parties, never even reaching the courtroom. Parties can also settle during a trial, even after a jury has started deliberating or has delivered a verdict. They can also settle or ‘stipulate’ to some aspects of the lawsuit. When a certain case goes all the way to trial, the entire process can take anywhere from a few months to several years. This includes filing documents with the court to initiate the case all through resolution. It is best that you choose professional process servers with years of experience in the industry just like the experts here at Select Document.


For more details on our services and processes, feel free to give us a call at (416) 498.4546 or simply visit our website.